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Max Raphael by Max Pechstein (c. 1910).
© 2019 Pechstein Hamburg / Tökendorf.
Digital image © (2019) The Museum of Modern Art/Scala, Florence.

This website commemorates the work of the German art historian and philosopher Max Raphael (1889-1952). Maintained by a small group of editors, the Max Raphael Project aims to open up Max Raphael's writings to an English-speaking audience for purposes of research and education. The presented texts are subject to change and new material is constantly being added. Please feel free to contact one of the editors in case you find any errors or would like to contribute to the development of the website.

News & updates

Additions to bibliography

Cover, designed by Picasso, and table of contents of the first issue of Minotaure (1933).

Mr. Gernot Grube has kindly shared additions to the primary and secondary bibliographies. In addition, he has made available his editorial afterword to Die Hand an der Wand (2013), titled Raphaels Ikonographie jungpaläolithischer Kunst.

New digital editions have been added, such as Raphael's articles in the first issue of Minotaure (1933) and Prehistoric Pottery and Civilization in Egypt (1947), which has appeared on archive.org.

If you'd like to see a precise overview of all changes, please consult this page on GitHub documenting the changes of the source files.

Translation: Von Monet zu Picasso

Cover of De Monet à Picasso (2019).

A French translation was published of Von Monet zu Picasso, see De Monet à Picasso. It was translated by Françoise Delahaye and published by Klincksieck.

In addition, the bibliography of secondary sources was updated with additional articles by Françoise Delahaye, including one published in the latest number of Études Germaniques and titled "Max Raphael, de Von Monet zu Picasso à Wie will ein Kunstwerk gesehen sein? Esquisse d’une théorie normative de l’art". We thank Ms. Delahaye for pointing us to these articles.

24-05-2019, updated: 07-06-2019

Conference: Marxism(s) in Art Historiography

The following conference was brought to our attention: Marxism(s) in Art Historiography, Berlin, 31 Jan - 2 Feb 2020. The proposed period is 1945-today, which means that contributions on Max Raphael could focus on the reception of his work in the postwar period.

24-05-2019

Essay: Raphaels Hand-Annäherungen

Cover of Groupe scolaire de l'Avenue Karl Marx á Villejuif (1933).
  • Some cover images have been added to the primary bibliography. In addition, a full scan of the publication Groupe scolaire de l'Avenue Karl Marx á Villejuif (1933), has been added, for which Raphael wrote the introduction. It was scanned at the library of The New Institute in Rotterdam.
  • A PDF of Werner Drewes essay Raphaels Hand-Annäherungen from Prähistorische Höhlenmalerei (1993) has been added to the bibliography of secondary sources. With many thanks to Mr. Drewes for allowing us to republish the essay.

12-05-2019

New articles

Two articles published in recent years have been added to the bibliography of secondary sources:

Both can be accessed online.

02-11-2018

Translation: Von Monet zu Picasso

Title page and table of contents of Von Monet zu Picasso

An English working translation of Von Monet zu Picasso by Patrick Healy et al has been added to the resources section.

15-09-2018

Digital edition: Der Cicerone

Pages of Der Cicerone

08-08-2018

Additional sources

Added archival sources and secondary sources to the bibliography.

06-07-2018

Source: Prähistorische Höhlenmalerei

Thanks to Mr Werner Drewes, the following publication has been added to the bibliography:

Prähistorische Höhlenmalerei, Aufsätze, Briefe (Köln/Saignelégier: Bruckner & Thünker Verlag, 1993). Edited by Werner E. Drewes.

The book contains the original German typescript of Prehistoric Cave Paintings together with a selection of letters of Raphael from 1943-52 concerning the genesis of the work and addressed to Claude Schaefer, Emmy Jülich and Alis Guggenheim. It also includes an essay by Mr Drewes titled ‘Raphaels Hand-Annäherungen’.

02-07-2018

Max Raphael’s Parisian address

Mr Yves Brocard kindly pointed us to a digitised address book of Pablo Picasso containing Max Raphael’s 1911/12 address in Paris: 11 Place du Panthéon. The address book can be consulted online here:

Carnet d'adresses de Pablo Picasso

(There’s some discussion about the exact number: the entry from the notebook could also be read as 17. However, a 1912 open letter by Raphael (written under the pseudonym M.R. Schönlank) titled Lieber Herr Pechstein! is headed with the address ‘Paris, Place du Panthéon 11’.)

25-06-2018

Essay: Cézanne in the critical work of Max Raphael

Added Patrick Healy's essay Cézanne in the critical work of Max Raphael.

27-05-2018

Transcription: Autobiography

Added transcription of Max Raphael's (Auto)biography.

18-05-2018

Recent publications

The Invention of Expressionism
Picasso/Marx