This website commemorates the work of the German art historian and philosopher Max Raphael (1889-1952). Maintained by a small group of editors, the Max Raphael Project aims to open up Max Raphael's writings to an English-speaking audience for purposes of research and education. The presented texts are subject to change and new material is constantly being added. Please feel free to contact one of the editors in case you find any errors or would like to contribute to the development of the website.
News & updates¶
- Some cover images have been added to the primary bibliography. In addition, a full scan of the publication Groupe scolaire de l'Avenue Karl Marx á Villejuif (1933), has been added, for which Raphael wrote the introduction. It was scanned at the library of The New Institute in Rotterdam.
- A PDF of Werner Drewes essay Raphaels Hand-Annäherungen from Prähistorische Höhlenmalerei (1993) has been added to the bibliography of secondary sources. With many thanks to Mr. Drewes for allowing us to republish the essay.
Two articles published in recent years have been added to the bibliography of secondary sources:
- Regine Prange, Kunstgeschichte aus dem Geist der Gegenwart? Wölfflin und die Avantgarde (2016)
- Ingo Meyer, Simmel as a "Hidden King"? On his relations to Egon Friedell and Max Raphael (2018)
Both can be accessed online.
An English working translation of Von Monet zu Picasso by Patrick Healy et al has been added to the resources section.
A previously unpublished essay by Patrick Healy titled ‘Raphaels erste Epoche’, originally presented at the 1989 Max Raphael conference in Hamburg, has been added to the resources section. It serves as an introduction to Raphael’s autobiography and early writings.
Thanks to Mr Werner Drewes, the following publication has been added to the bibliography:
Prähistorische Höhlenmalerei, Aufsätze, Briefe (Köln/Saignelégier: Bruckner & Thünker Verlag, 1993). Edited by Werner E. Drewes.
The book contains the original German typescript of Prehistoric Cave Paintings together with a selection of letters of Raphael from 1943-52 concerning the genesis of the work and addressed to Claude Schaefer, Emmy Jülich and Alis Guggenheim. It also includes an essay by Mr Drewes titled ‘Raphaels Hand-Annäherungen’.
Mr Yves Brocard kindly pointed us to a digitised address book of Pablo Picasso containing Max Raphael’s 1911/12 address in Paris: 11 Place du Panthéon. The address book can be consulted online here:
(There’s some discussion about the exact number: the entry from the notebook could also be read as 17. However, a 1912 open letter by Raphael (written under the pseudonym M.R. Schönlank) titled Lieber Herr Pechstein! is headed with the address ‘Paris, Place du Panthéon 11’.)
Added Patrick Healy's essay Cézanne in the critical work of Max Raphael.
Added transcription of Max Raphael's (Auto)biography.
- 2016: The Invention of Expressionism: Critical Writings 1910-1913, a collection of Max Raphael's early writings, translated by Patrick Healy with John Conolly and Brendan O'Byrne and published by November Editions.